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Foto © S. Hardersen

The area, which is managed by the Regional Office for Biodiversity of Tarvisio, covers 24,000 hectares in the province of Udine and is situated between the Carnic and Julian Alps close to the border with Austria and Slovenia. The Forest comprises two wilderness areas: Rio Bianco ( 378 ha) and Cucco (21 ha). The main tree species present are spruce, beech and silver fir while on the less-developed land grow larch, Scots pine and Austrian black pine. The Tarvisio Forest is the only project area in which the form funereus of the beetle Morimus asper is known to occur.

Foto © Archivio CNBF

The Natural Reserve of Bosco Fontana is managed by the Regional Office for Biodiversity of Verona and is located in the province of Mantua. This forest, which covers 230 hectares, is one of the last remnant of the ancient lowland forest (with pedunculate oak and hornbeam) of the Po Valley and is surrounded by a highly modified landscape. For these reasons, the Reserve has a high conservation value. One of the aims of the management is to increase the amount of dead wood to protect the saproxylic fauna. Among the species included in the project the following species occur: Lucanus cervus, Cerambyx cerdo and Morimus asper.

Foto © M. Bardiani

The area of competence of the Regional Office for Biodiversity Pratovecchio (AR), covers 5,289 hectares, along the Apennines between Tuscany and Emilia-Romagna. The Casentino Forests are among the most natural woodlands of Europe and have their core in the Natural Reserve of Sasso Frattino (764 ha): here the cutting of trees was abandoned more than 100 years ago. The main forest types are: beech forests, mixed forests of silver fir and beech, the silver fir woods and mixed oaks forests. The Casentino Forests are home at least to four of the species treated in the project: Lucanus cervus, Osmoderma eremita, Morimus asper and Rosalia alpina.

Foto © E. Maurizi

The area is managed by the Regional Office for Biodiversity of Castel di Sangro (AQ) and covers nearly 20,000 hectares, for the most part mountainous areas, where various types of habitats are present (grasslands, forests, wetlands). Part of the territory belongs to the Abruzzo National Park and to other areas protected at a regional level. The beech is the dominant tree species; other species are the yew, holly, downy and turkey oak. Some areas are difficult to reach and this allows for the accumulation of dead wood. Among the saproxylic beetles object of study, at least Rosalia alpina, Morimus asper and Cerambyx cerdo are known to occur.

Foto © P. Audisio

The Natural Reserve "Mesola Wood" (1500 ha) is situated in the Province of Ferrara, about 16 km from the Adriatic coast and is included in the Regional Park of the "Delta del Po". The reserve hosts the "Bosco della Mesola", a residual coastal plain forest of high conservation importance. It is dominated by the presence of holm oak, with presence of English oak, hornbeam and ash. The abandonment of traditional forest management since the 70s of the last century has led to the indefinite aging of tree species and the increase of dead wood, thus favoring the the presence saproxylic beetles. IN particular, at least three species of Community interest included in the project, Cerambyx cerdo, Lucanus cervus and Morimus asper, can be found inside the reserve. The presence of Osmoderma hermit has never been established within the Forest of Mesola, but has been detected in several neighboring areas.